BP accused of causing a ‘slow motion genocide’ in one of the world’s poorest regions

BP logo and West Papua operations
John McEvoy

Posing as a doctor, British investigative journalist Michael Gillard snuck into occupied West Papua to hold BP (British Petroleum) to account for alleged human rights abuses. Though the region is one of the most dangerous in the world for reporters, Gillard managed to reveal that BP’s activities appear to be causing a “slow motion genocide” while the company is extracting “high speed profit”.

The occupation of West Papua

After Indonesia gained independence from the Netherlands in 1949, the latter soon saw the “unmistakable beginning of the formation of a Papuan state” on the colonially divided island of New Guinea (part of which the Netherlands had controlled). As Australian journalist John Pilger reported, however, the Kennedy administration in the US ensured that Indonesia retained control over what, in the words of a White House adviser, was “a few thousand miles of cannibal land”.

The West Papuans were conned into having an “Act of Free Choice” over their independence. In 1969, roughly 1,000 of 800,000 West Papuans ‘voted‘ (“at gunpoint”) to remain part of Indonesia.

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West Papua remains under Indonesian occupation today. Indonesia also continues to attack countries that support West Papuan self-determination.

The reason for the international community’s overwhelming silence over this brutal affair is quite simple: West Papua’s massive natural wealth. In the 1960s, British, US, and Australian corporations carved up the region’s natural resources. Indonesia could then rely on the same countries’ support for its brutal, genocidal regime. This included the massacre of “at least half a million” left-wing Indonesians, and the invasion and occupation of East Timor between 1975 and 1976.

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BP abuses

Britain’s past support for the oppression of West Papuans helped to create favourable conditions for British extraction interests today. And BP is now reportedly “endangering human rights and failing to deliver ‘a material improvement in fundamental living conditions’ of some of the world’s poorest people”.

As Michael Gillard revealed:

  • “BP security guards are spying on the local community and passing intelligence on ‘disruptive individuals’ to the military”.
  • “Well-armed Indonesian security forces are now secretly stationed inside the oil company’s base”.
  • “Retired senior Indonesian police and military officers are running an ‘elite cadre’ of BP guards armed with stun guns and rubber bullets who are given ‘behaviour profiling’ training to spot agitators”.

An atmosphere of terror is ideal for natural-resource extraction interests, though BP claims to have adopted “corporate social responsibility”.

BP’s security operations in West Papua, meanwhile, closely mirror the tactics of terror that the company allegedly used in Colombia during the 1990s and 2000s.

Brave and commendable journalism

Gillard’s coverage of BP’s actions in West Papua is brave and commendable. This is especially true because, in October 1975, Indonesian special forces killed two British journalists. According to witnesses, “they were executed to prevent the outside world learning about Indonesia’s actions” in East Timor. British diplomats then reportedly “lied about their knowledge” of the killing. Britain’s imperial interests in the region were simply too important.

The UK state and BP’s role in West Papua reveals the ongoing existence of economic imperialism. And Gillard has done a great public service. Because the more people know about this, the better.

Get Involved!

Support the Free West Papua campaign.

– Also support and follow ‘BP or not BP?’, which tracks BP’s human rights abuses and campaigns to rid British museums of BP’s oil sponsorship money.

– Become a member of The Canary if you appreciate the work we do.

Featured image via screengrab via West Papua Liberation Organization and Noah Scalin/Flickr

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