On 12 September, a new survey on antisemitism in Britain came out. The findings are good news for some people – and bad for others.
Overall, it says [pdf p5] levels of antisemitism in Britain are “among the lowest in the world”. But levels of anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant prejudice are worse. Also, antisemitism is much higher among “very right-wing” people.
People on the left and the right should take note.
The good news
- 78% believe “a British Jew is just as British as any other British person”.
- 61% think “British Jews make a positive contribution to British society”.
- “Hard-core” and “softer” antisemites – as opposed to people with one or two antisemitic views – make up 5% of the population.
The bad news
Almost one third of Britons have “at least one antisemitic attitude”. For example, the idea that Jews think they’re better than others, or that they “get rich at the expense of others”.
But that doesn’t mean a third of Britons are antisemitic. The JPR says [pdf p4]:
A majority of people who agreed with just one negative statement about Jews in this survey also agreed with one or more positive statements about Jews, suggesting that the existence of one antisemitic or stereotypical belief in a person’s thinking need not indicate a broader, deeper prejudice towards Jews.
Yet it helps explain why some British Jews don’t feel safe. Because one in three people they meet probably has some sort of low-level prejudice towards them. Even if it comes from ignorance and that person means no harm.
Our intention here was not to make any broad generalisations about the Muslim population and their attitudes towards Jews.
The ugly news
In fact, prejudice towards Muslims and immigrants is [pdf p16 and p40] even worse:
- Almost 15% of Britons have “unfavourable” views of Muslims.
- Between 14-18% support or excuse violence toward Jews and other groups, including Muslims and immigrants.
- 38% support or excuse violence towards so-called “Islamist extremists”.
And the worst prejudice exists among people who call [pdf p6] themselves “very right-wing”. That’s only 1.4% of the people studied. But in this group, antisemitic views are [pdf p6] 2 to 4 times higher than in the general population.
Anti-Israel = antisemitic?
- Almost two thirds think [pdf p29] the state of Israel “has every right to exist”.
- Fewer people have [pdf p27] “favourable” views of Russia, Syria and Iran than of Israel. [or ‘compared to Israel’]
For people who think anti-Israel views are always antisemitic, that doesn’t bode well.
On the left, more people have [pdf p46] anti-Israel views compared to the general population. But the JPR says [pdf p46] the left is “no more antisemitic than the general population”. They also aren’t less antisemitic. In contrast with the far-right, though, the situation is notably better.
Responding to the survey, Joseph Finlay from Jewish Voice for Labour told The Canary:
The insight that… antisemitism and Israel critical (what we would call pro-Palestinian) views are separate phenomena is very important… We are also unsurprised that the report finds ‘antisemitism is no more prevalent on the left than in the general population’ and that the majority of antisemitism comes from the far right. This suggests that the notion that the Labour party is rife with antisemitism is wholly false.
This study reminds us that prejudice is alive and well in Britain – towards Jews, towards immigrants, and towards Muslims. But the right, in particular, needs to take a hard look at the views it allows on its extremes.
Featured image via Flickr