The DUP has been quick to make clear its grievances with Boris Johnson’s Brexit deal.
Negotiators worked well into the night in Brussels and are understood to have felt a major breakthrough had occurred, making an exit agreement at the European Council look likely.
But DUP leader Arlene Foster and deputy Nigel Dodds put out a joint statement laying out their concerns with the draft terms.
The pair said: “As things stand, we could not support what is being suggested on customs and consent issues and there is a lack of clarity on VAT.”
Here is a look at what their main concerns are on each of the three issues.
The European Union and the prime minister moved towards each other on a customs arrangement for the north of Ireland.
Johnson is reported to have ditched his “two borders” proposals and will instead accept the six counties will remain in a customs union with the EU in all but name.
The EU, meanwhile, has agreed for the north of Ireland – in what would be a complex dual-tariff arrangement – to be allowed officially to remain in a customs territory with the UK, meaning the region can benefit from trade deals inked by the government and any lower tariffs agreed by ministers.
The arrangement would keep the Irish internal border open but create checks in the Irish Sea on goods travelling between the north of Ireland and Great Britain, a situation that crosses the DUP’s “blood red” line.
Foster had previously said: “There cannot be a border down the Irish Sea, a differential between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK. The red line is blood red.”
Conservative leader Johnson often labelled his predecessor’s backstop plans “undemocratic” and sought a mechanism to give the north of Ireland an opt-in or way out of his Withdrawal Agreement.
The EU rejected plans to give the Stormont Assembly a veto every four years on the border deal but is said to have conceded to a unilateral exit arrangement, using a vote mechanism concocted by Assembly members.
A rejection of the plans by the Assembly, which is currently suspended, would bring in a two-year cooling-off period in which a way of saving the Good Friday agreement would need to be found, according to the Times.
The DUP fears that moves to bypass the petition of concern – a unique political tool that allows unionist or nationalist groups to reject reforms in the north of Ireland – could upset the balance of the once-warring communities.
Brussels and the UK are reportedly in a wrangle over VAT and whether EU rates should apply in the north of Ireland.
The objection from Downing Street was described by EU diplomats as a “British smokescreen” to give Number 10 more time to win over the DUP, according to the Guardian.
How concerned Foster is about staying with the UK’s VAT rate is unclear, and whether she is using the disagreement to show there are issues being voiced by more than just her own party remains to be seen.
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