US attorney general William Barr has said he would be “vehemently opposed” to any attempt to pardon former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor Edward Snowden.
The attorney general’s comments in an interview with the Associated Press come days after president Donald Trump said he would “look at” whether to pardon Snowden.
Snowden was charged under the Espionage Act in 2013 with disclosing details of highly classified government surveillance programmes.
“We can’t tolerate that”
Trump said of Snowden at a news conference on Saturday 15 August:
There are many, many people – it seems to be a split decision that many people think that he should be somehow treated differently, and other people think he did very bad things…
And I’m going to take a very good look at it.
However, attorney general Barr said:
He was a traitor and the information he provided our adversaries greatly hurt the safety of the American people.
He was peddling it around like a commercial merchant. We can’t tolerate that.
Holding the intelligence community to account
Snowden remains in Russia to avoid prosecution even as the federal charges against him are pending.
In a memoir published last year, Snowden wrote that his seven years working for the NSA and CIA led him to conclude that the US intelligence community had “hacked the constitution” and put everyone’s liberty at risk. He also said that he had no choice but to turn to journalists to reveal it to the world. He wrote:
I realised that I was crazy to have imagined that the Supreme Court, or Congress, or President Obama, seeking to distance his administration from President George W Bush’s, would ever hold the IC [intelligence community] legally responsible – for anything.
Any effort to pardon Snowden would unquestionably infuriate senior intelligence officials.
The Justice Department’s criminal complaint against Snowden was dated just days after his name first surfaced as the person who had leaked to the news media that the NSA, in classified surveillance programmes, collected vast amounts of telephone and internet records.
It was unclear how serious Trump was, particularly given that years earlier he had denounced Snowden as a spy deserving of execution.
But Trump’s distrust of his own intelligence community has been a staple of his tenure. This is particularly because of its conclusion that Russia intervened in the 2016 presidential election on Trump’s behalf. And he has at times bemoaned the broad surveillance powers that the intelligence agencies have at their disposal.
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