On 3 April, the government published its response to its consultation on a UK ivory sales ban. Environment secretary Michael Gove confirmed that a UK ivory sales ban will be introduced to protect elephants. There are some exceptions, but the ban will cover most ivory products of all ages. The maximum penalty for breaching the ban will be an unlimited fine or up to five years imprisonment.
One of the toughest bans in the world
Exempted items are limited to:
- Rare antiquities older than 100 years.
- Musical instruments made before 1975 with less than 20% ivory.
- Small items made before 1947 with less than 10% ivory.
With these narrow exemptions, the UK’s ban will be one of the toughest in the world. The US federal ban exempts all items older than 100 years and items with less than 50% ivory content. China’s ban exempts ivory “relics”. But it does not set a date before which these must have been produced.
Michael Gove said:
Ivory should never be seen as a commodity for financial gain or a status symbol, so we will introduce one of the world’s toughest bans on ivory sales to protect elephants for future generations.
The ban on ivory sales we will bring into law will reaffirm the UK’s global leadership on this critical issue, demonstrating our belief that the abhorrent ivory trade should become a thing of the past.
“We need global action”
This is a spectacular about-turn by the government. Only last year, The Canary reported that, since 2010, the UK had become the world’s largest exporter of ivory.
The world population of elephants has declined by almost a third in the last decade and around 20,000 a year are slaughtered due to the global demand for ivory. The illegal wildlife trade has become a transnational organised enterprise, estimated to be worth up to £17bn a year.
Tanya Steele, chief executive at the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), said:
Around 55 African elephants are killed for their ivory a day, their tusks turned into carvings and trinkets. This ban makes the UK a global leader in tackling this bloody trade and it’s something WWF has been fighting hard for.
But if we want to stop the poaching of this majestic animal, we need global action. We hope the UK will continue to press countries where the biggest ivory markets are, most of which are in Asia, to shut down their trade too.
In October, the UK will host the international conference on illegal wildlife trade, bringing global leaders to London to tackle its strategic challenges. This follows the London 2014 conference on the illegal wildlife trade, and subsequent conferences in Botswana and Vietnam.
Featured Image via flightlog – Flickr
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