The single most important thing in Syria is happening right now

Support us and go ad-free

After moving on Aleppo to break a deadly siege, ‘rebels’ have succeeded after launching a full-on offensive on the battered and hungry city. This is not the first time Aleppo has been at the front line of an offensive or under siege, but this is the worst it has suffered.

The battle ensuing in the north-western metropolis is essentially the microcosm of the Syrian conflict, where all the players are vying for their stake in the war: international, proxy, regime, and opposition. And the humanitarian crisis has been exploited for political gain because what happens in Aleppo is so important to the endgame.

Aleppo under siege

The most populous and largest city in Syria, Aleppo has been under a tightened siege since 11 July 2016. The eastern part of the city, controlled by the Islamist-led opposition, was besieged when the government cut off the main supply road – Castello – through constant shelling and airstrikes.

https://twitter.com/ChiGirlMolly/status/757803037998014469

Desperate humanitarian situation

The offensive has relieved the previous dire humanitarian situation. Cutting off supply routes into the city, estimated to be holding 250,000-300,000 civilians, has meant that much-needed additional medical supplies were not able to enter. Food prices skyrocketed before supplies diminished completely.

An Aleppo resident described the situation on BBC Radio 4 and said that even basic food had completely disappeared, that there was no milk in the market for the children, and that there was no way of sustaining themselves because there was no agriculture. Life outside on the streets was desolate, as residents tried to take refuge inside their homes. But constant shelling from Russian warplanes, he said, meant that “between 25-30 civilians are killed every day”.

The idea of having a humanitarian corridor was offered by the Syrian government, but this idea received wide condemnation from a number of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) at the time.

Read on...

Support us and go ad-free

Rebels have now been able to send in food to relieve the situation.

Breaking the siege

The assault to break the siege was launched by Islamist-led opposition groups on 31 July.

The rebel objective was to reconnect the east, encircled by government forces, with the territory in the West, under the control of rebel fighters.

The rebels set off a tunnel bomb under army positions in Ramouseh and placed the regime forces under fire. Gaining access to the military complex provided them access to armaments.

Now they have broken the government siege, they are moving forward onto further government-held territory, but have come under air attack from government forces.

At least 50 rebel fighters and jihadists had been killed since the operation began on Sunday, as well as dozens of government soldiers. Two camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) have also been hit.

The opposition

The opposition aren’t just the Free Syrian Army (FSA), which western governments actively supported initially to oust Assad. A key partner in the offensive on Aleppo is Jabhat al-Nusra, a former al-Qaida affiliate which rebranded itself recently as Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, along with an alliance of Islamist/jihadist groups which are fighting together in order to strengthen the alliance to topple Assad.

Aleppo matters

The initial decision to lay siege to the city was made in Tehran by Iran, Russia and Syria, so that regime forces could liberate northern territories from the rebels.

This offensive was crucial for the opposition, displayed through its scale and reach. It is the last urban centre they have not lost to the regime, including Damascus. Losing Aleppo would be a loss they could not come back from.

Aleppo has also exposed the intentions behind all parties to the conflict.

See Aleppo’s Timeline

According to experts at the Rafik Hariri Centre for the Middle East, Russia wants to see its ally (Assad) stay in power. As well as committing significant military assets, Assad is willing to engage in the diplomatic process and talk about the cessation of hostilities. If the US concedes and abandons efforts to topple Assad, it would be a victory not just for Assad but for Russia.

Iran’s proxies (Hezbollah, Iranian Shia militias, and local National Defence Forces) are concentrating on the areas around Aleppo to protect the regime’s control of the city – a regime they are ideologically aligned with.

Meanwhile, the US is supporting Kurdish-led secular forces in the fight against Daesh (Isis/Isil). But these militias are not simplistically aligned with the rebels, and they took advantage of Iranian and Russian firepower earlier this year to cut off Islamist supply lines with Turkey.

The US and the coalition of allies for the Islamist-led opposition did not envisage that the regime would encircle the city. The Hariri Centre says this may indicate that they believe Aleppo is an acceptable loss. It’s not surprising there has been little appetite to lift the siege, given that the coalition’s main goal is to defeat Daesh.

Turkey and regional Arab states, however, want to actively help opposition groups that have ideological similarities. Turkey also wants to prevent the expansion of the Kurdish-led autonomous region of Rojava in northern Syria.

This is not just a battle between a government and its opposition. What’s happening in Aleppo is the centrepiece of what has become a complex war zone that’s allowed regional powers to flex their geopolitical muscles and use local proxies to engage in bloody battles, while airdropping gifts of destruction from the sky.

The outcome of the struggle for Aleppo will likely be a strong indicator of who, ultimately, is winning the war.

Get Involved!

Read more of The Canary‘s international reporting in The Canary Global.

Contribute to humanitarian relief in Syria by supporting charities like:

Support peace-building NGOs like:

Learn more about human rights abuses in Syria through the website of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry of the Syrian Arab Republic.

Featured image via Twitter screenshot grab

Support us and go ad-free

We need your help to keep speaking the truth

Every story that you have come to us with; each injustice you have asked us to investigate; every campaign we have fought; each of your unheard voices we amplified; we do this for you. We are making a difference on your behalf.

Our fight is your fight. You’ve supported our collective struggle every time you gave us a like; and every time you shared our work across social media. Now we need you to support us with a monthly donation.

We have published nearly 2,000 articles and over 50 films in 2021. And we want to do this and more in 2022 but we don’t have enough money to go on at this pace. So, if you value our work and want us to continue then please join us and be part of The Canary family.

In return, you get:

* Advert free reading experience
* Quarterly group video call with the Editor-in-Chief
* Behind the scenes monthly e-newsletter
* 20% discount in our shop

Almost all of our spending goes to the people who make The Canary’s content. So your contribution directly supports our writers and enables us to continue to do what we do: speaking truth, powered by you. We have weathered many attempts to shut us down and silence our vital opposition to an increasingly fascist government and right-wing mainstream media.

With your help we can continue:

* Holding political and state power to account
* Advocating for the people the system marginalises
* Being a media outlet that upholds the highest standards
* Campaigning on the issues others won’t
* Putting your lives central to everything we do

We are a drop of truth in an ocean of deceit. But we can’t do this without your support. So please, can you help us continue the fight?

The Canary Support us

Comments are closed