Boris Johnson’s Brexit plan would reduce the UK economy by almost 2%, according to independent trade experts.
The UK Trade Policy Observatory (UKTPO) says its analysis of the impact of leaving the European Union and switching from frictionless trade to a free trade agreement indicates an economic downturn of 1.8%.
Even if mitigating trade deals with the US, Australia and New Zealand were agreed at the same time as writing a Brussels deal, the Conservative Party leader’s withdrawal plans would still see UK output decline by 1.4%, the academics said.
According to BBC Two’s Newsnight, the programme that first published the research, such a hit would slice £28bn off the economy and mean every household in the country would be £1,000 worse off.
Michael Gasiorek, a professor of economics and a fellow of the UKTPO, said the relatively low tariffs Britain enjoys on most US goods meant a free-trade agreement with Donald Trump would not offset the damage done by leaving the European single market and customs union. Gasiorek wrote in an article on the UKTPO’s website that:
Nearly 43% of UK trade is currently with the EU, while under 12% is with the US…
Reducing barriers on 12% of trade simply cannot compensate for increasing barriers on 43% of trade.
For every 1% reduction in trade with the EU, in order to compensate for this, a deal with the US would have to increase trade by three to four times as much. This is not feasible.
Leaving the EU would, in a best-case scenario, lead to a “stimulated decline” in imports to the tune of 7% and exports would see a 12% dip, said the University of Sussex academic.
In terms of transatlantic imports, there are currently zero tariffs on the majority of UK goods going into the US and only 12% of exports to the US face a tax greater than 5%, he added.
Gasiorek and colleague Nicolo Tamberi, a research assistant, said Johnson’s ambitions for 80% of the UK’s trade to be carried out on a free-trade basis – as stated in the Tory manifesto – was “clearly unrealistic, because it would require signing agreements with more than 12 countries within a timescale which has rarely been achieved for a single agreement”.
The UKTPO, partnered with Sussex University and international affairs thinktank Chatham House, said it had analysed the effect of a US trade deal on 148 industrial sectors of the economy. It found agriculture and food processing were most at risk from a US trade deal, while the services economy, such as banking and accounting, would be boosted in regions such as the South East, London and Scotland.
Johnson wants MPs to sign off on his Withdrawal Agreement by 31 January, and says he’d try to finalise a trade deal with the EU before the end of 2020. EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier, however, has already cast doubt on the prospects of agreeing trade terms within 11 months.
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