Around 20,000 people living in squalid conditions
Meanwhile, refugees on the island are forced to live in squalid and crowded conditions. And at the same time, attacks on refugees by racists and fascists are continuing.
According to the Aegean Boat Report, 21,770 refugees are currently on the island of Lesbos and there were 816 new arrivals to the Aegean islands from 2 to 8 March. Most of those refugees are held in the EU-financed Moria detention camp, which has often been called “the worst refugee camp on Earth”.
One journalist tweeted from the island:
There are currently 19,427 #refugeesgr living on the old military site of #Moria that is made for 2,800. People from all ages have to built tents themselves, with mostly no electricity, no lights, no safety. In distance you can see the #Turkish Aegean coast — just 8 miles afar. pic.twitter.com/JqIqiSvovv
— Franziska Grillmeier (@FranziEire) March 10, 2020
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‘Lethal for vulnerable populations’
The tens of thousands of refugees on Lesbos are especially vulnerable to a COVID-19 outbreak. Are You Syrious (AYS), a news group providing daily updates on the refugee crisis, wrote:
Although COVID-19 is not in itself a very deadly disease, it can be lethal for vulnerable populations, such as those who are already ill. Many people in camps on Lesvos or other islands have preexisting health conditions that have not been treated due to inadequate medical facilities. There are only a few doctors for thousands of camp residents and they are already overburdened — their workload if an epidemic spreads through the camps would be unbearable. People cannot access healthcare outside of the camps due to discrimination and their lack of [social security] numbers.
AYS points out that even hand washing is nearly impossible for the camp residents:
Sanitary conditions in the camps are also horrendous. Most people do not have access to soap and hot water, making one of the most important precautions against infectious diseases — washing hands — nearly impossible.
500 detained on a military ship
Nearly 500 people are being held on a military boat just off the port of Mytilene. They are the first arrivals to the island since Greece announced that it would not accept new applications for asylum. German newspaper Der Spiegel obtained shocking footage of the crowded conditions inside the ship. One onlooker tweeted:
Video obtained by @derspiegel from inside the navy boat in #Lesbos where c. 500 refugees incl children and pregnant women are held. They are the first migrants who came after Greece stopped accepting asylum applications on 1/3. To be transferred to the mainland & then deported pic.twitter.com/VqYiw5BgMB
— Giorgos Christides (@g_christides) March 10, 2020
‘Fearmongering’ and ‘xenophobia’
The Greek government has used the coronavirus pandemic to justify harsher border controls. These controls have resulted in Greek riot police firing tear gas, stun grenades, and reportedly live ammunition at refugees at its land border with Turkey.
The fact that the first coronavirus case was contracted not by a refugee but by someone returning from a holiday shows the inherent racism in the Greek state’s COVID-19 rhetoric.
According to AYS:
It is ironic that it is a Greek person who is the first case of a COVID-19 infection on Lesvos after weeks of fear-mongering against people on the move. Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis used fears of coronavirus to justify setting border controls to “maximum deterrent” levels. He is not alone as his ideological bedfellows across Europe, for example [Hungarian prime minister] Viktor Orban, also used fears of coronavirus to justify increased border violence. However, facts are not likely to stop xenophobia. As the arrival of coronavirus on the Greek islands moves from a possibility to a reality, the possibility of hate crimes and violence will also become very real.
‘Every death on the islands would be due to deliberate negligence’
The crisis on Lesbos has been created by the border controls and racism in Greece and the EU. Since the 2016 EU-Turkey deal, refugees have been confined to the Aegean islands. They’re unable to make their way to the mainland.
The Canary reported in 2019:
Local politicians, meanwhile, have been stoking hatred against the tens of thousands of refugees stuck on the island. This has resulted in organised fascist attacks, including the burning of the One Happy Family refugee community centre in Mytilene.
According to AYS:
As a coronavirus epidemic in the camps becomes more and more likely, its consequences are likely to be tragic. It is important to remember that none of this was inevitable but that every death on the islands is due to deliberate negligence by the Greek and EU governments.
Featured image via Ggia – Wikimedia
- Find out about volunteering on Lesbos.
- Check out the No Borders Kitchen Lesbos website.
- Support Cars of Hope’s solidarity work in Greece.
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