The rollout of the government’s controversial welfare reform, Universal Credit, continues to dominate the headlines. But for one campaign group, enough is now enough. And these disabled people are taking matters into their own hands.
“Grave” and “systematic” human rights violations
Disabled People Against Cuts (DPAC) is at the forefront of the disability rights movement in the UK. As well as high-profile protests, legal actions and campaigns, the group was also instrumental in securing a report from the UN. The report accused successive Conservative-led governments of “grave” and “systematic” violations of disabled people’s human rights, creating a “human catastrophe”.
But now, the group has turned its attention to Universal Credit. It had organised a national day of action on Thursday 1 March against the reform, but due to the severe weather in the UK the planned protest at parliament had to be cancelled. More details here.
An essay by DPAC, published by Pluto Press, explains why it believes the welfare reform should be “stopped and scrapped”. And it also shows why disabled people putting themselves on the front line is the only option left.
The “tip of the iceberg” of attacks
DPAC says in the essay that:
So far, we have seen only the tip of the iceberg in terms of an ideological neo-liberal attack against us and the terrors of future reforms to the social security system are only just starting as the accelerated roll out of Iain Duncan Smith’s Universal Credit happens across the country…
Seven million households will be affected, including over one million low paid part-time workers. For the first time ever, people in work could be faced with having their benefits stopped if they don’t prove to the Jobcentre that they’re searching for better paid work or more hours. Pensioner couples will also be affected if one of them is under pension age.
The fact that the DWP will subject workers to the same regime that disabled people face is a huge cultural change. But as The Canary previously reported, experts predict that up to one million low paid workers could be subject to the sanctions regime under Universal Credit. This is because the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) can impose penalties on claimants if it thinks they’re not working enough hours or not doing ‘gainful’ self-employment. But the government still claims that people will be “better off in work than on benefits”.
Disabled people: the Universal Credit effect
DPAC has also highlighted how Universal Credit will impact sick and disabled people. It says problems will arise because the benefit:
is claimed and managed entirely digitally which is difficult or impossible to manage for many disabled people. Any mistakes on the form will likely lead to loss of benefit or a claim being disallowed…
DPAC then noted that:
Under Universal Credit the GP’s fit note is completely ignored and no claimants are seen as unfit for work anymore. They must have a mandatory Health and Work Conversation during which medically untrained Work Coaches will decide what they must do to retain their social security payments.
But a Freedom of Information request (FOI) revealed [pdf, p8] that sick and disabled people who have a GP fit note but have not had a Work Capability Assessment (WCA) will be subject to “all work-related requirements”. As Disability News Service (DNS) reported in 2017:
[The] DWP insisted… that universal credit claimants with a fit note will only be forced to carry out ‘reasonable’ work-related activity that is ‘tailored to the individual’s circumstances’, while work coaches will demand no work-related activity ‘if appropriate’.
Work: a health outcome?
There has been criticism of ‘Health and Work Conversations’, too. These are mandatory work-focused interviews to assess “what they [claimants] can do rather than what they cannot”. But Disability Rights UK said of them:
Why enforce it with sanctions when many people for whom work-related activity is not appropriate may be caught by them? Will work coaches have enough information so that those disabled people who are exempt from the [Health and Work Conversations] are not asked to attend [one]?
There is no evidence that sanctions are effective in incentivising disabled people to remain in touch with the job market or move into work. Given the extra costs that disabled people already face in their day-to-day lives, sanctions are especially punitive.
DPAC’s essay then dealt with the loss of money under Universal Credit for some claimants. It said:
There are massive cuts to the amount of benefit paid to severely disabled people as the Severe and Enhanced Disability Premiums have been scrapped. This means single disabled people lose over £2,000 per annum and a disabled couple over £4,000 per annum.
Its figures are not strictly correct. Because as The Canary uncovered, the amount people could lose is actually more. The DWP claims it has safety nets in place to protect disabled people. But figures show that, with the scrapping of the Severe and Enhanced Disability Premiums:
- Single people, over-25 with no dependent children, will lose up to £2,137.20 a year.
- If a person is under 25, they’ll lose up to £2,929.68 a year.
- A couple in these circumstances will lose up to £5,195 a year.
DPAC then warned of the effect of Universal Credit on people living with mental health issues. It said:
Mental health claimants are particularly at risk of coercion under UC and as part of the Health and Work Programme we are seeing the use of the DWP nudge unit and psycho compulsion. This effectively means the introduction of forced treatment through the use of therapists based in Jobcentres. If claimants don’t take the treatment prescribed, they face being sanctioned.
The DWP admits this is happening. In its green paper Improving Lives, it says [pdf, p72] that:
We are more than doubling the number of employment advisers in talking therapies to help people in that service retain, return to and secure employment. This will be a significant boost to the talking therapies workforce and ensure many more services have a clear employment offering that can improve pathways between employment services and talking therapies services.
So effectively, the DWP will put Jobcentre staff into NHS service centres where treatments like Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) happen. Regarding sanctions, as The Canary previously reported, an FOI revealed Health and Work Conversations (which access to therapy like CBT would fall under) are mandatory. So:
As the… Child Poverty Action Group… noted… claimants’ acceptance of Jobcentre support has now been redefined as a legal ‘commitment’; meaning any breach of this could be subject to DWP sanctions.
Redefining disability and precarious work
DPAC summed up the situation, saying:
We already live in a country where millions of people including nurses, police officers and others in work have been forced to use foodbanks…
Nearly 400 citizens died from malnutrition or hunger in 2015… Victorian diseases such as Ricketts and Scurvy that had been eradicated for years have returned. Teachers have to provide food in schools for starving children and a further one million children will lose entitlement to free school meals under Universal Credit.
DPAC says none of this is acceptable in one of the richest nations in the world, and we will keep fighting to change things. We are not going away and we will not be silenced. Join us on March 1st to add your voices to ours.
A paradigm shift
What the government is doing with Universal Credit is essentially redefining disability and employment. People whom the DWP previously considered impaired enough not to work will suddenly have to. People who are already struggling in low paid, precarious employment will be forced to take more low paid, precarious employment, or face sanctions. The government is creating a complete paradigm shift in how society treats sick and disabled people and those on its bottom rungs.
So, it shouldn’t just be disabled people out protesting Universal Credit. The millions of other people who will be hit by this welfare reform should get out and fight, too.
This article was updated at 10pm on Monday 26 February to reflect that DPAC planned protest at parliament of Thursday 1 March was cancelled due to the sever weather.
– Find out more about DPAC’s 1 March day of action.
Featured image via DPAC