WARNING: this story contains very graphic videos and reports that some readers may find distressing.
Turkey’s undeclared war on the Kurds is supposedly now on pause. Though president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s objective remains: to ethnically cleanse a 30km strip of Rojava (the mainly Kurdish territory of north Syria). During the week that led up to the ‘ceasefire’, numerous Turkish-backed Islamist and jihadist brigades swept across the border in a terrifying killing spree. One of the more appalling killings was that of Syrian-based Kurdish politician and human rights advocate Hevrin Khalef. Her body was mutilated.
Khalef’s alleged murderers have now been identified and revealed together with militias believed to have committed similar atrocities.
Murder and mutilation
According to the Rojava Information Center, Khalef’s killers were jihadists with the Turkish-backed Ahrar-al-Sharqiya brigade. This was separately claimed by the Syrian Democratic Council (SDC), the political wing of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).
The coroner’s report confirmed that Khalef was beaten and shot numerous times:
Coroner's report confirms Hevrin Khalef, female Syrian Kurdish politician summarily executed by Turkish-backed faction Ahrar-al-Sharqiya, was riddled with bullets at point-blank range in the early hours of 12 October.
Turkish state media praised this as a "successful operation." pic.twitter.com/ttUGAnBMaV
— Rojava Information Center (@RojavaIC) October 16, 2019
According to one report, Khalef was raped and stoned to death, though this has not yet been confirmed:
Kurdish Human right activist & The secretary-general of the Future Syria Party,Ms #Hervin_Khalaf ,has been raped & then stoned to death by #Turkey backed Jihadists near #Hasakah during Turkey's ethnic cleansing operation against #Kurds in Syria. @brett_mcgurk #amnesty pic.twitter.com/tQDUjmaZDe
— Botin Kurdistani (@kurdistannews24) October 13, 2019
Jihadists from Ahrar-al-Sharqiya are shown here from the earlier invasion of Afrin:
A mother grieving
When the lifeless body of Khalef was presented to Suad Mohammed, her mother, she said:
I moved a cloth that covered her chest and face and found nothing left from her body but a small piece from her jaw.
If this world believe in basic human rights, they should help me to bring those who killed my daughter [to justice].
There are civilian wounded from shelling in surrounded villages. Turkish forces have entered village of Bab-al-Xer and are attacking Dawidye
On 18 October, RIC said that according to a YPJ commander:
Turkish-backed factions are reassuring one another over radio that they will not back down or stop fighting even if there is a ceasefire.
One of the RIC researchers:
spoke to Yusuf, 32, at the checkpoint on the way into Til Temir today. He confirmed that Turkish-backed jihadists attacked the village of Bab-al-Xer near Abu Rassen, where he and his family had fled, driving them out again.
RIC also confirmed;
Injured people from today’s clashes arriving at Til Temir hospital right now, one has just arrived from dawudi village after being struck by a drone, bodies two people killed today in this hospital.Co-chair of local health authority says eight died as a result of these attacks.
On 19 October reports from RIC confirmed ongoing “clashes” and reported, “drones overhead”. A filmmaker in Sere Kaniye told RIC:
What is clear is that Turkey is bringing forward more jihadi forces to strengthen its ranks on the front.
Yet more atrocities
On the same day that Khalef was murdered, this video was posted:
Horrific +18 +18 video published by pro Turkey telegram channel (Jarablous alkabous) shows a field execution by TFSA against an unknown person. Important to mention @SDCPress announced that same thing happened to Hevrin Khalaf a female politician this morning #KurdishGenocide pic.twitter.com/V8JiLMgSlB
— Dlshad Othman (@dlshadothman) October 12, 2019
It’s also claimed that Turkish forces shelled a convoy of 200 vehicles, transporting civilians, including journalists. Upwards of 14 people are reported to have died and potentially as many as 100 wounded:
Turkish bombardment on civilians on the road to serikaniye. pic.twitter.com/XnAa4oT3bR
— pyd rojava (@PYD_Rojava) October 13, 2019
Turkey using white phosphorus against Kurds & children 10-17-19 Hamish de Bretton-Gordon, fmr. commander of Britain’s chemical, biological, radiological & nuclear regiment, told The Times of London, the burns Kurds suffering from look like they were caused by white phosphorus. P1 pic.twitter.com/A1pi11G1lc
— Aida Viggiano (@AidaViggiano) October 19, 2019
Not just recent atrocities
This isn’t the first time Rojava’s faced attack from Turkish-led forces. Fowza Youssef, Kurdish politician and board member of the Democratic Federal System for Rojava-Northern Syria, described what happened when Turkish-backed jihadists invaded Afrin in 2018:
Women were kidnapped, force-married and raped by mercenaries run by Turkey. [Most of the women living there] now are wearing veils, and are under tremendous emotional and physical pressure.
One of the most horrifying atrocities reported was the mutilation of the body of a member of the mostly Kurdish YPJ (Women’s Protection Units):
— Turkey Untold (@TurkeyUntold) February 1, 2018
In other words, the same pattern of misogynistic and barbaric behaviour as practised by Daesh (Isis/Isil).
Who are the Turkish-backed jihadists?
The main jihadist factions are Sultan Murad Brigade, Jaysh-al-Islam, Hamza Division and Ahrar al-Sharqi-ya, Liwa al-Mu-tasee, Faylaq al-Sham, Ferqa 55, Levant Front, Afhad al-Rasul, Northern Storm Brigade, and Badr Martyrs Brigade. The latter is understood to have been responsible for the deaths of more than 203 civilians, including children in Aleppo over six months in 2014.
Further factions identified include: Sham Legion, Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror Brigade, Shamiyah Front, Mountain Falcons (Hawks) Brigade, Jaysh al-Nasr, Al-Mustafa Regiment, Islamic Al-Waqqas Brigade, Turkmen Muntasir Billah Brigade, the Suleyman Shah Brigade, Samarkand Brigade, Elite Army, Jaish al-Shamal, Usood al-Fateheen Brigade, and Al-Awwal al-Magawir Brigade.
The fascist and ultra-nationalist Grey Wolves are believed to have been responsible for the massacre of hundreds of civilians and also participated in the assault on Afrin. And there was a further damning report regarding TNA crimes against women by Global Rights.
According to one report, Turkish-backed jihadists freed Daesh prisoners who were guarded by Kurds. The Independent also reported how a former Daesh fighter has claimed that his associates are now with the TNA.
One Twitter user has suggested that Daesh has re-grouped and utilising armoured vehicles provided by Turkey:
Erdogan is using ISIS as auxiliary for his army to assault Northeastern Syria.
ISIS members openly and proudly reiterating SIS slogans sitting in armored vehicles provided by Turkey.#UNstopErdogan #EthnicCleansingOperation pic.twitter.com/adi5Ldmrpf
— Mekut (@Mekut_Mallet) October 11, 2019
Rojava has forged a green democratic revolution in the middle of Syria’s war. Its system is feminist, socialist, and opposes all religious and ethnic discrimination. It played a key role in defeating Daesh in Syria, receiving limited support from the West.
Essentially, the war waged on Rojava by Turkey is about not just ideological differences but ethnic cleansing, as admitted by :
#Turkey's President #Erdogan said today he does not consider #YPG people as human beings in the first place, not interested whether they are Kurds or not, described them as terrorists. Then he added that he is not a racist. pic.twitter.com/rRkV3lMq3s
— Abdullah Bozkurt (@abdbozkurt) October 13, 2019
Turkey isn’t only backing Syrian-based jihadists, there is considerable evidence it has backed Daesh too. What is also clear is that Turkish-backed forces have committed war crimes, both in recent days, but also in Afrin and Aleppo.
Justice should be served.
Featured image via screengrab
Fund our Investigations Unit
You can help us investigate corruption, expose injustice and uncover the truth.
As one of the only independent investigations units in the country, we work for you – but we need your help to keep going. We need to raise £10,000 to continue our groundbreaking investigations. Can you chip in?