Over 91,000 men, women and children have been killed in the Western-backed war on Yemen since 2015, according to a US-based monitoring group. The Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED) just published its latest report following new data it has collected in partnership with the Yemen Data Project. According to the report, there were:
91,600 total reported fatalities from the start of 2015 to the present.
Around 11,700 civilians killed from “direct targeting”
ACLED reports that there have been:
nearly 4,500 direct civilian targeting events resulting in approximately 11,700 reported civilian fatalities.
In August 2018, an airstrike destroyed a school bus – killing 40 children and 11 adults using a 500-pound laser-guided bomb manufactured by US firm Lockheed Martin.
Insufficient information regarding the rest of the dead
ACLED’s communications manager Sam Jones previously explained to The Canary that:
There is insufficient information to determine the precise affiliation of the remaining fatalities (they include civilians and combatants killed in the course of fighting).
Jones also clarified that ACLED does not incorporate ‘indirect’ fatalities resulting from the war.
Most civilian deaths may remain uncounted
In other words:
ACLED does not collect data on other causes of death like starvation and disease, only direct violence.
Additionally, regarding reported civilian fatalities, ACLED only explicitly records them as such in cases where civilians were directly targeted, not killed in the crossfire of a battle or from ‘collateral damage’.
UN: There have been times when a child under five has died every 10 minutes
In 2017, the UN reported that a “child under five” in Yemen “dies every 10 minutes” from “preventable causes”. The war has already displaced over 3.6 million people and created the world’s largest recorded cholera epidemic. Cholera, which is the result of contaminated food and drinking water, results in intense vomiting and diarrhoea. If left untreated, it can kill. According to French investigative news outlet Disclose, coalition airstrikes have bombed 659 farms, 229 boats and 91 sites “supplying drinking water, including reservoirs, wells, water pumps, and also irrigation canals and water treatment plants”.
The US, UK and France have also backed the Saudi-led blockade of Yemen, preventing essential goods from entering the poorest country in the Arabic-speaking world.
The publication of ACLED’s latest report comes over a year after protesters in the UK denounced the March 2018 visit of Saudi ‘Crown Prince‘ Mohammed bin Salman and British complicity in the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.
Western-armed Saudi-led coalition responsible for “highest number of reported civilian fatalities”
The crisis analysis and mapping group also reveals that:
The Saudi-led coalition and its allies remain responsible for the highest number of reported civilian fatalities from direct targeting, with over 8,000 since 2015. Around 67% of all reported civilian fatalities in Yemen over the last four and a half years have been caused by Saudi-led coalition airstrikes.
By comparison, ACLED says:
The Houthis and their allies are responsible for over 1,900 reported civilian fatalities from direct targeting.
UK and US weapons and service contracts are key to ensuring the war continues, in a war that saw its bloodiest year in 2018. Labour Co-operative MP Lloyd Russell-Moyle gave an exclusive interview to The Canary in 2018 arguing that UK arms controls are a “bad joke”.
ACLED “always uses the most conservative fatality estimate”
Jones also told The Canary that:
ACLED only records reported fatalities, so these figures should not be understood as exact counts… ACLED reports fatalities only when a reputable source has relayed that information, and always uses the most conservative fatality estimate available…
These figures are revised and corrected – upward or downward – when better information becomes available.
Make your voice heard
Without public pressure on the UK, US, and French governments, this war will continue to rage on. So for the sake of everyone who has suffered and keeps suffering in Yemen, we must all make our voices heard.
Feature image via International Organization for Migration-YouTube