Political leaders, campaigners, and scientists have called for greater action to help people cope with climate change in the wake of the dire warnings in a new UN report.
Several people, including Carbon Brief editor Leo Hickman, have drawn attention to the report’s final line:
The final sentence of new IPCC report:
"The scientific evidence is unequivocal: climate change is a threat to human well-being and the health of the planet.
Any further delay in concerted global action will miss a brief and rapidly closing window to secure a liveable future."
— Leo Hickman (@LeoHickman) February 28, 2022
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A “criminal” abdication of leadership
The new Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) report spells out the loss and damages caused by climate change and more extreme weather, with widespread negative impacts on lives and health, livelihoods, cities and coastal communities, food and water supplies, and the natural world.
Responding to the findings, UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres said:
Today’s IPCC report is an atlas of human suffering and a damning indictment of failed climate leadership.
With fact upon fact, this report reveals how people and the planet are getting clobbered by climate change.
He hit out at what he described as a “criminal” abdication of leadership. And he said “the world’s biggest polluters are guilty of arson of our only home”.
Guterres said it was essential to meet the goal of limiting global temperature rises to 1.5C to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. He called for an end to fossil fuel use and a shift to renewables, and scaling up of investment in efforts to adapt to the changing climate.
Professor Albert Klein Tank, director of the Met Office’s Hadley Centre, warned:
Preventing debilitating impacts on society from increasing climate change is no longer a choice – that option closed several decades ago.
He also said:
Today’s report says it is vital to adapt to the increasing climate change we are already seeing and what we know we will see in future.
But of course lowering greenhouse gas emissions will help to avoid the most extreme climate change impacts.
Among its many warnings, the report says sea level rise poses an existential threat to small island states. The Marshall Islands’ climate envoy Tina Stege warned:
Failing to adapt to this crisis will cost lives. Failing to provide fair, accessible climate finance will cost lives.
She also warned that:
Continued dependence on fossil fuels will cost lives. With the consequences of inaction spelled out so clearly, yet again, a failure to act is inhuman and unconscionable
Meanwhile, investigative journalist Amy Westervelt drew attention to the issue of “maladaptation”:
One big story out of the #IPCC report is "maladaptation"–the fact that study authors found so many examples of climate adaptation attempts that are destroying nature, putting peoples’ lives at risk or increasing greenhouse gas emissions that they have to warn us about it is…😬
— Amy Westervelt (@amywestervelt) February 28, 2022
The IPCC report on impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability a little over 100 days after world leaders at the COP26 summit agreed to increase action to try and limit global warming to 1.5C, and to provide finance for helping poor countries adapt to the changes they face. Conference president Alok Sharma described the outcomes of the UN talks in Glasgow as keeping the temperature goal alive, but only with a weak pulse.
At the time, Jasmine Norden reported for The Canary:
This isn’t the only less-than-aspirational view on the potential of Cop26. On the official Cop26 website, the first goal of the conference is:
Secure global net zero by mid-century and keep 1.5 degrees within reach
The phrase ‘within reach’ is a lot more vague and non-committal than the Paris Agreement’s original pledge to limit warming to 1.5 degrees.
Because of issues like this, COP26 drew criticism from politicians and climate activists:
Too many world leaders are more interested in representing the interests of fossil-fuel exploiting billionaires than people and planet.
But we have the solutions that have social and environmental justice at their core.
That's why we organise for our alternative
— Jeremy Corbyn (@jeremycorbyn) November 15, 2021
Never underestimate PM’s ability to sound entirely wrong tone
His self-congratulatory statement that #COP26 was a triumph ignores that ⁰1.5C is on life support, no deal to end fossil fuel subsidies let alone fossil fuels, & global south still don’t have $$$ they were promised
— Caroline Lucas (@CarolineLucas) November 15, 2021
A reminder: the people in power don’t need conferences, treaties or agreements to start taking real climate action. They can start today.
When enough people come together then change will come and we can achieve almost anything. So instead of looking for hope – start creating it.
— Greta Thunberg (@GretaThunberg) November 15, 2021
In response to the IPCC report, Sharma warned:
We will witness considerable changes in our lifetime and without ambitious action, millions across the planet could no longer have anywhere to call home.
Yet there is hope. The Glasgow Climate Pact, agreed by almost 200 countries at COP26, is built on science and today’s report underscores the urgency with which we must prepare for climate change and address a new reality of loss and damage, especially in the world’s most climate vulnerable communities.
The pact “built on science” was criticised by many scientists. Sharma continued:
The next decade is crucial, we have a window of opportunity to cut emissions, adapt to a more dangerous climate and build for a secure and clean future which turns the commitments made at Cop26 into transformative action.
Yet in early February, the UK greenlit six new oil and gas fields. Greenpeace UK oil campaigner Philip Evans described the potential move as a “stunning retreat from the pro-climate posturing we saw from the Government at the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow”. The move happened following Tory backbench opposition to ‘net zero’ targets.
Kyle Lischak, lawyer at environmental law charity ClientEarth said:
This IPCC report is another blunt reminder that Cop26 in Glasgow last year was not ‘job done’.
The UK Government must not shy away now, but instead work with even more urgency with other governments and the private sector to deliver more ambition and more action.
Nushrat Chowdhury, Christian Aid’s climate justice adviser based in Bangladesh, said:
This report is a wake-up call to the world that those on the front lines of this crisis need much greater support if they are going to cope with climate impacts they have not caused.
She said that the UK, which continues to hold the UN climate talks presidency until November, had a vital role in leading efforts to tackle global warming:
It is now vital that the UK Government spearhead efforts to mobilise much greater funding to help the climate vulnerable adapt and to set up a fund to deal with the permanent loss and damage which cannot be adapted to.
“Restore and protect”
Environmental campaigners called for action to protect and restore nature. The report highlights that this can safeguard humans from climate change in a range of ways, from forests and peatlands that store carbon to coastal wetlands and natural river systems which reduce flood risk.
Dr Stephen Cornelius from WWF said the drought and searing heat, destruction of habitats, species extinction, and stronger storms and massive floods were “not a list of scenes in an apocalyptic film” but the content of an authoritative scientific report detailing the climate impacts on the planet. He said:
Our planet is in peril, and it’s being pushed to – and sometimes beyond – its limits, with the most vulnerable people and ecosystems suffering the most.
He also said that with swift action, the worst impacts could be limited:
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Nature can be our ally and a crucial buffer, if we choose to restore and protect it.
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