Covert policing takes on a whole new meaning, as the Snooper’s Charter becomes law

Support us and go ad-free

Twenty-first century policing will see the cop disappear from the streets, only to reappear in your computer and smartphone. For the populace as a whole (and the police), this new reality presents new challenges. Britain’s police are now offered training by one of the UK’s legal experts on covert policing.

The Covert Policing training programme offers a glimpse into the future direction of policing: a shift from old tradecraft physical policing, to the adoption of newer technologies of cyber policing.

This change in policing style is both preparatory and a consequence of the new legislation that allows police forces, together with multiple government agencies, to share data (including metadata) on every person in the UK:

cyb39m6xaaagt6s

Policing shared across sectors

The Covert Policing training programme is available not just to police but lawyers, academics, public bodies and the private sector. Simon McKay, a barrister and expert on covert policing law, designs and speaks at many of the courses.

To quote from the programme, McKay:

is considered one of the leaders in the law of covert policing (interception of communications, surveillance, informers and undercover policing). He has been instructed as the covert policing expert by a number of police officers accused of serious disciplinary offences arising out of a complex investigation involving the use of intrusive surveillance. He has provided advice to and represented a large number of police forces, government departments and corporate organisations in the field of covert policing.

Read on...

Support us and go ad-free

McKay told The Canary that, while he spoke at their events, he was “not part of the company”.

The ins and outs of snooping

One of the courses offered is “Planning a Legally Compliant Covert Policing Operation: methodology of approach and reasoned decision-making”. The course enables delegates to “understand the purpose, role and provisions of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (RIPA) 2000 and related legislation”.

Also, an annual conference into covert policing and the Investigatory Powers Act [pdf] looked at key issues including surveillance and journalistic sources, communications data, and bulk powers. In other words, the legal ins and outs of ‘snooping’, including, presumably, intrusion techniques (legalised hacking) to harvest cyber content.

The conference preamble states:

It is difficult to recall a moment in English legal history when covert policing was so controversial- and not just one aspect of it- every facet of government surveillance is in a state of flux. Whether it is the fallout from the revelations of Edward Snowden or undercover policing, the effect has been to subject the nature, methodology and accountability of covert policing operations to international scrutiny.

Whatever you do is captured

What the training programme shows is that police, particularly undercover officers (UCOs), are expected to understand and make full use of the range of monitoring resources available via the Investigatory Powers Act. This includes access to bulk personal datasets [pdf].

A core aspect of this surveillance is the bulk monitoring of social media sites. This is actioned at policing level via technologies such as SOCMINT (social media intelligence) and OSINT (open source intelligence). Here is an example of OSINT and SOCMINT training [pdf], provided by an EU-wide organisation.

Underpinning SOCMINT and OSINT are the technologies used by spy agencies GCHQ (in the UK) and NSA (in the US) to bulk collect data.

One example of this technology is CyberSweep [pdf], an application developed by Glimmerglass. According to CorpWatch, CyberSweep is ideal for exploitation by GCHQ (and the NSA) to analyse internet content, voice content, webmail, Twitter and Facebook:

55-201110-iss-iad-t1-glimmerglass-p10-normal

Spycops inquiry struggling

Meanwhile, Britain’s ‘old school’ undercover police – dubbed ‘spycops’ –  are trying very hard to keep a low profile. This is understandable, for they have weathered scandal after scandal. They stole identities of dead children to provide cover names. They used those names to form long-term relationships for credibility. And they infiltrated political protest groups (examples below) to allegedly incite and take part in actions.

The Undercover Policing Inquiry attempts to address some of these issues, but has been forced onto the back foot, time and time again. The latest example is the admission that two men – Marco Jacobs and Carlo Neri – were undercover officers. Carlo Neri was first exposed on Newsnight in January 2016 and Marco Jacobs was exposed around the same time. But it took police and the UCP Inquiry ten months to acknowledge that Jacobs [pdf] and Neri [pdf] were UCOs.

One more well known example of UCO infiltration, which resulted in a massive miscarriage of justice, was that concerned the Ratcliffe-on-Soar environmental protest. Interestingly, Simon McKay ran a training day on the issues arising out of this case and “the inquiries and reviews that followed – and the court rulings in both the criminal and civil jurisdictions”.

Challenges for everyone

Almost every week, leaked or researched revelations about spycops are published, often by independent research sites, such as Undercover Research and the Campaign Opposing Police Surveillance. So it’s no wonder that the undercover officers (and their supervisors) are seeking professional help, including psychiatric counselling [pdf]. (Note: the psychiatrist, known as ‘Dr. RXT’ has subsequently withdrawn his/her services.)

But as for the new powers and technologies available to the police, these will present new challenges, especially given that Britain boasts the most totalitarian surveillance facilities in the world.

Get Involved!

– Support Police Spies Out Of Lives.

– Read ongoing research into undercover policing by Undercover Research and the Campaign Opposing Police Surveillance.

Featured image via Flickr Creative Commons

Support us and go ad-free

We need your help to keep speaking the truth

Every story that you have come to us with; each injustice you have asked us to investigate; every campaign we have fought; each of your unheard voices we amplified; we do this for you. We are making a difference on your behalf.

Our fight is your fight. You’ve supported our collective struggle every time you gave us a like; and every time you shared our work across social media. Now we need you to support us with a monthly donation.

We have published nearly 2,000 articles and over 50 films in 2021. And we want to do this and more in 2022 but we don’t have enough money to go on at this pace. So, if you value our work and want us to continue then please join us and be part of The Canary family.

In return, you get:

* Advert free reading experience
* Quarterly group video call with the Editor-in-Chief
* Behind the scenes monthly e-newsletter
* 20% discount in our shop

Almost all of our spending goes to the people who make The Canary’s content. So your contribution directly supports our writers and enables us to continue to do what we do: speaking truth, powered by you. We have weathered many attempts to shut us down and silence our vital opposition to an increasingly fascist government and right-wing mainstream media.

With your help we can continue:

* Holding political and state power to account
* Advocating for the people the system marginalises
* Being a media outlet that upholds the highest standards
* Campaigning on the issues others won’t
* Putting your lives central to everything we do

We are a drop of truth in an ocean of deceit. But we can’t do this without your support. So please, can you help us continue the fight?

The Canary Support us

Comments are closed