Europe needs to phase out the sale of diesel and petrol cars by 2028 if it wants to meet its commitments to the Paris climate agreement. This is according to a new study published by The German Aerospace Centre and commissioned by Greenpeace. It’s a stark warning to countries wishing to combat climate change.
Countries that signed the Paris climate agreement have resolved to limit the rise in global average temperatures to 1.5°C. In order to have a high (66%) chance of meeting this commitment, the EU will need to end all sales of conventional fossil fuel powered cars by 2028 and phase out all petrol and diesel cars by 2045.
While a 1.5°C increase is far from ideal, not meeting the goal could result in increased food and water shortages, rising sea levels, and more frequent extreme weather events.
Current efforts aren’t enough
The energy, industry, and waste sectors are moving away from fossil fuel dependence by embracing alternative energy sources such as wind and solar. Conversely, car sales have slowly risen above their pre-recession levels, increasing their contribution to the transport sector’s greenhouse gas production.
There have been hints that governments are gearing up to take a tougher stance on polluting motor vehicles. Both the United Kingdom and France have suggested they intend to end or limit the sale of petrol and diesel cars by 2040. However, according to the report, these policies need to be introduced sooner to meet EU CO2 emission targets.
More cars are not the answer
Switching to electric cars (EVs) would come with its own set of problems. EVs still generate roughly half the CO2 of diesel cars. Also, the increased demand for lithium, a major component in EV batteries, is causing significant harm to the environment.
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The solution, according to Greenpeace, is to think beyond personal car ownership. According to Richard Casson of Greenpeace, the answer lies in public transport:
A truly sustainable plan for transport should be about constructing more bike lanes, building cycling infrastructure that would make it easier for people to get around without cars. It should be about making public transport more affordable, leading to more people using trains or buses to get around. And it should be about investing in car sharing schemes, and reducing the amount of vehicles on the road.
The findings of this study offer a compelling reason to focus our efforts on investing and improving access to public transport and enhancing access to non-car based means of transport.
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